Design Elements

Outdoor Design

Some people got it and some people don’t. Some people are naturals and others struggle. Some people have to draw it out and some go by the seat of their pants. “What is it?”  It’s the ability to visualize, to see the end result of an outdoor design, to know what is going to work and more importantly to know what is not going to work.

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Design Elements

Tornado Sheltering in Schools and Other Essential Facilities

Increases in population, urbanization, and changes in climate have placed increasing numbers of the US population into areas that are subjected to higher and more damaging winds.   This increase in risk has prompted a response by the building codes.  In fact, the 2015 edition of the International Building Code (IBC) [1]now requires that most schools and emergency facilities located in a significant portion of the Central US contain tornado shelters. 

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Design Elements

Case Study: Burnside Bridge Restoration

Master builder John Weaver and a handful of farmers built Rohrbach’s Bridge over Antietam Creek in 1836. They built the creamy white stone bridge with three magnificent barrel arches and elegant proportions: 14 ft. 9 in wide and 125 ft. long. They made wood-capped parapets atop the structure of limestone sourced locally from there around Sharpsburg, Maryland.

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